April 11, 1968 - Fair Housing Act

Policy Name: Fair Housing Act, Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968 (H.R. 2516)

Date: Effective April 11, 1968

Passed as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, the Fair Housing Act prohibited discrimination concerning the sale, rental, and financing of housing based on race, religion, and national origin. The Fair Housing Act marked the first time the federal government declared it illegal for private individuals to discriminate based on race in the sale or rental of a home. Congress amended this legislation to include gender and disability protections in 1974 and 1988, respectively.

Despite the historic precedent of the Fair Housing Act, housing in the United States would continue to be characterized by significant segregation across racial lines.